Water

   In sharp contrast to most of the Middle East, Kurdistan is blessed with water. Both the Tigris and Euphrates rivers rise in the Kurdish areas of Turkey before flowing south into Syria and Iraq.
   In recent years, Turkey has sought to harness this enormous resource by building an ambitious series of dams. The resulting Guneydogu Anadolu Projesi (GAP), or Southeast Anatolia Project, has led to bitter quarrels with Syria and Iraq and was probably one of the main reasons Syria provided sanctuary for Abdullah Ocalan and his Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) until October 1998. The dams have also flooded important Kurdish archeological sites or may do so, as with the proposed Ilisu Dam at Hasankeyf. This has created much ill will among many Kurds and concerned foreigners.
   Three large dams also exist in Iraqi Kurdistan: Bekhma on the Greater Zab, Dukan on the Lesser Zab, and Darbandikhan on the Sirwan and Diyala. In addition to these rivers, strong springs also exist in many areas of Kurdistan. Numerous Kurdish towns and villages attest to this fact by having the prefix Sarab or Kani (meaning "spring") before their names.
   In the coming years these water resources can only become more important. Along with the oil resources, which are prevalent around the Iraqi Kurdish city of Kirkuk, water will make Kurdistan economically as well as politically important.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Synonyms:
, , , / (for drink), , , , / (as cloth, to give it an undulating or wavy appearance)


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Water — Wa ter (w[add] t[ e]r), n. [AS. w[ae]ter; akin to OS. watar, OFries. wetir, weter, LG. & D. water, G. wasser, OHG. wazzar, Icel. vatn, Sw. vatten, Dan. vand, Goth. wat[=o], O. Slav. & Russ. voda, Gr. y dwr, Skr. udan water, ud to wet, and perhaps …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • water — ► NOUN 1) the liquid which forms the seas, lakes, rivers, and rain and is the basis of the fluids of living organisms. 2) (waters) an area of sea regarded as under the jurisdiction of a particular country. 3) (the waters) the water of a mineral… …   English terms dictionary

  • Water — Wa ter, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Watered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Watering}.] [AS. w[ae]terian, gew[ae]terian.] [1913 Webster] 1. To wet or supply with water; to moisten; to overflow with water; to irrigate; as, to water land; to water flowers. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Water — Wa ter, v. i. 1. To shed, secrete, or fill with, water or liquid matter; as, his eyes began to water. [1913 Webster] If thine eyes can water for his death. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To get or take in water; as, the ship put into port to water.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • water — [n] pure liquid hydrogen and oxygen Adam’s ale*, aqua, aqua pura*, drink, H2O, rain, rainwater, saliva, tears; concept 467 water [v] dampen; put water in baptize, bathe, damp, dilute, doctor, douse, drench, drool, flood, hose, imbue, inundate,… …   New thesaurus

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  • wáter — wáter, water closet → váter …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

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